Diabetes and Its Types


Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose level is not regulated properly by your body. The glucose comes from all the foodstuffs that you eat in your day-to-day routine.

The glucose in your blood stream is controlled by a hormone called insulin.It signals to organs and cells to take up glucose from the blood stream to provide needed energy to your systems.

The two most common types of Diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2.  With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make enough insulin or not at all. Whereas, in type 2 your body does not make or use insulin in the manner that it should. Due to not having sufficient insulin, the glucose remains in your blood.

Let’s study how you can overcome it and keep yourself, and your family safe!

There Are Two Common Types!

Yes, that is correct. There are 2 types of diabetes.

  • Type 1

Insulin-dependent is the Type1. It necessitates insulin to treat it further. It is typically seen in children or young adults. It terminates pancreatic cells, implying that no insulin production is possible in your body.

Whereas, the Type 2 is non-insulin dependent, and is significantly more common and is seen later in life. Mostly, it affects people over the age of 45, if you are overweight, then the chances increase. People suffering with Type2 are unable to produce enough insulin in their body.Thus, sugar builds-up in their bloodstream, causing many side effects if ignored.


Is There Another Type?

There may be some of the people suffering from prediabetes. Which shows that your blood sugar is elevated than normal, but it is not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

Diagnosis of prediabetes without life-style changes also puts you at a higher risk of eventually getting type 2 diabetes.

The failure of the pancreas to properly regulate or produce insulin causes sugar to build-up in the blood, and thus the process starts.There are many serious health complications due to this disease, like:

  • Heart disease
  • Neuropathies
  • Blindness
  • Kidney failure
  • Lower-boundary amputations
  • Obesity

Other risk factors also include any or all the following:

  • Family history
  • Odd cholesterol levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking

Symptoms to Look For!

There are many predictable symptoms, so often they go unnoticed. The usual and more seen marks are:

  • Intensified thirst
  • Heightened need to urinate
  • Low energy
  • Pain or numbness in extremities
  • Advanced hunger symptoms

Reasons to Test?

Diabetics test depending on the type of diabetes they have.  Some patients must test more frequently than others.  Your clinician will determine what the best frequency for testing is for you.  The main reason to test is to minimize over time how much un metabolized blood glucose your body system are exposed to.

Diabetes has been increasing in prevalence throughout the world. Type 1 is referred to as an autoimmune reaction and is seen early in life.  With the Type 2 or adult onset Diabetes this form is typically brought on by a sedentary life style.   The latter is preventable and so avoiding a sedentary lifestyle and being on the lookout for metabolic condition or pre-diabetes is critical.

There are many procedures included to determine the status of the disease, but, the best is A1C.

How Is It Controlled?

Type 1 is controlled with insulin. You can either use regular injections of insulin or via wearing an insulin pump.

Type 2 is mainly controlled through diet and exercise.  Certain medications have entered the market to assist in glucose metabolism

The Safety Plan!

The best is to do regular exercise. Control your weight by sticking to your dietary meal plan. Consult with your doctor as soon as you see the signs. Do take prescribed medicines to avoid any possible health hazards.

Some medicines treat heart damage or to lower your blood glucose level. Others, control and regulate blood pressure, and cholesterol in your body. You must change your lifestyle along with eating habits. It is always a great idea to include in your daily routine:

  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Control your weight
  • Do physical activities
  • Quit smoking
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*The author of this blog is not a medical professional and this article does not contain professional medical advice. This blog is not intended to substitute for medical advice, treatment, or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of the contents of this article. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.