Diabetes Mellitus


Abnormally high levels of glucose in the bloodstream can result from a disease called Diabetes. The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin which lowers the prevalence of glucose in the blood. The inability of the body to produce insulin or the improper utilization of the hormone by the body may lead to diabetes.

Causes of Diabetes

As explained earlier insufficient insulin production or inefficient usage of insulin raises blood glucose. As this blood glucose is raised, it begins to damage small vessels in the body. This condition is known as diabetes.

The reduction in the efficient use of insulin normally is often referred to as insulin resistance. It is a key problem with type 2 diabetes. Total non-production of insulin, which is an anomaly affecting the beta cells within the pancreas, is a defining aspect of type 1 diabetes. Diabetes that affects pregnant women is known as gestational diabetes.

In the past, type 1 and type 2 diabetes were often referred to as non-insulin dependent and insulin-dependent diabetes. This has changed, however, as many more type 2 diabetics were required to take insulin. The more frequent terminology used now is juvenile vs adult-onset diabetes. However, even this terminology is misleading. It is suggested to simply use the phrase “type 1 diabetes” or “type 2 diabetes” when referring to the specific disorder.

Symptoms of Diabetes

– Elevated glucose levels in the blood normally increase urination eventually leading to dehydration which is an early indicator of diabetes. Aka: Frequent urination

– Severe dehydration causes increased water intake.

– Severe weight loss is normally experienced due to insulin deficiency. This is more often found in type-1 diabetes.

– Some patients with untreated diabetes have complained of fatigue.

– Infections are more frequent in the bladder, genitals, and other sensitive skin areas. This often occurs in individuals with untreated diabetes.

– Vomiting and nausea also occur in patients with diabetes.

– Patients experience blurred vision due to a fluctuation of glucose levels.

– High glucose levels may lead to lethargy.

There are many other symptoms not listed here.

What are the Indicators of Diabetes?

Many people are unaware of their diabetic status, especially during the early stages when they may only have minimal symptoms. The only certain way to know if one is diabetic or not is to see a doctor and get tested and diagnosed. If one feels that the symptoms they have are closely related to diabetes, it’s only right to go for a medical examination.

Diabetes Risk Factors

Type 1 diabetes doesn’t have clearly defined risk factors however one that may be considered is family history. Type 2 diabetes, however, has several risk factors including pancreas diseases and infections.

The following factors can put you at a higher risk of getting diabetes:

– Being overweight or obese

– Hypertension

– High levels of cholesterol in your body

– A sedentary lifestyle

– A Family history of diabetes

– Old age

– Ovarian syndrome (polycystic)

– High insulin resistance

– Pregnancy(gestational diabetes)

There are many other risk factors not listed here.

Treatment and Management of Diabetes

Currently, there is no known cure for diabetes. Treatments vary and should be discussed with and prescribed only by a medical professional licensed to do so. Treatments include oral medications, normal insulin shots, lifestyle changes, changes to eating habits, and examinations of current medications which may cause elevated blood glucose. Only a clinician should treat diabetes, and only a clinician can prescribe the necessary medications to treat the disease. Clinicians should always be consulted before any changes to your diabetic treatment. If you suspect you have diabetes, get diagnosed today. Call your doctor.

*The author of this blog is not a medical professional and this article does not contain professional medical advice. This blog is not intended to substitute for medical advice, treatment, or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of the contents of this article. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.