Diabetes: Types, Causes and Symptoms


Diabetes is a serious disease. It is caused by insulin resistance or lack of insulin production. Without insulin to turn sugar into energy, a patient’s blood glucose will often rise. When blood sugar is higher than normal, it causes damage to the small vessels and capillaries of the body. Symptoms include excessive hunger, frequent urination, dry mouth, fatigue, excessive thirst, or blurred vision just to name a few. You may not experience all or any of these symptoms and still have diabetes.

There are three types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes, types 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is caused by lack of insulin production. It is most commonly diagnosed in children. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and is usually caused by insulin resistance. Gestational diabetes is found in pregnant women.

Type 2 diabetes is very common. Around 90 percent of patients worldwide are experiencing this type of diabetes. This type of diabetes is usually caused when the pancreas with does not produce enough insulin, or when the body has become insulin resistant. Type 2 diabetics should check their blood glucose levels daily.

There are many ways to manage this condition, such as medication prescribed by your doctor, a healthy meal plan approved by your doctor after you are diagnosed, and an exercise plan which should also be approved by your doctor. Injectable insulin may also be necessary to manage diabetes. Any steps you take to combat this disease should be discussed with your doctor beforehand. Doctors often have lots of diabetic patients and they usually have a preferred set of recommendations. It is very important to seek medical treatment and follow your doctor’s orders if you are diagnosed with diabetes.

Studies have demonstrated that diabetes can be genetic. If members of your family have the disease or not, it is very important to have your blood glucose checked regularly. It is speculated that low levels of testosterone in men can likewise cause diabetes. Alzheimer’s disease may also contribute to the development of diabetes.

It is very common for people to have diabetes without realizing it. This is caused when the symptoms are ignored or when they don’t appear in certain individuals. Diabetes is a disease that damages the body slowly over time, and that damage adds up. Early detection is key to combating this disease because of its cumulative nature.

Diabetic patients often encounter persistent thirst which is a common symptom. If you are urinating frequently, you may become dehydrated due to loss of fluid. This may be the cause of the excessive thirst, as your body attempts to replace the lost fluid. Always keep an eye open for symptoms of the disease.

It is important to check your blood glucose regularly. With diabetes, prevention is key. Early diagnosis makes a huge difference, so be sure to ask your doctor if you need to be tested.

To wrap things up, in order to control your diabetes you need the help of a clinician. Usually this will also necessitate lifestyle changes. Dietary changes along with a solid exercise plan can help to create a solid foundation to build upon for your diabetic care strategy.

*The author of this blog is not a medical professional and this article does not contain professional medical advice. This blog is not intended to substitute for medical advice, treatment, or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of the contents of this article. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.