Diabetes- Types, Causes and Treatment


Diabetes is one of the most deadly diseases in the world. The scary thing is that it is very common and as of now, there are around 30.3 million people in the US suffering from Diabetes. It is a disease where your body fails to produce a sufficient quantity of Insulin or fails to use the insulin properly. Insulin is one of the most important hormones in our body which is responsible for maintaining the blood sugar level normal.  


There are various kinds of diabetes:  


  1. Type 1: In this kind of diabetes, the immune system mistakenly kills the insulin producing cells in your body. This results in an increase in the blood sugar level in your body. However, Type 1 Diabetes is relatively rare. Out of all the patients suffering from Diabetes, just 10% of them have Type 1 Diabetes. This kind of Diabetes is generally seen in teenagers. However, it can also develop inadulthood as well.The main cause of Type 1 Diabetes is not very clear. Environmental factors are thought to be one of the major reasons. Genetics can also have an impact.  


  1. Type 2: 90% of the diabetic patients suffer from Type 2 Diabetes. It is found mostly in adults. In this case, your body fails to make efficient use of the insulin produced by your pancreas. As a result, in order to keep up with the demand, your pancreas keeps on producing insulin until it eventually gives up. Inactive lifestyle is one of the major reason of this type of Diabetes. Obesity is also one of the leading causes.


  1. Gestational Diabetes: This kind of Diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Around 3%to 20% of women suffer from it. Mothers suffering from Gestational Diabetes will increase the risk of getting Type 2 Diabetes for both the mother and the child.


Symptoms: Some of the common symptoms of Diabetes are:  


  1. Excessive itching and feeling of hunger and thirst
  2. Wounds taking a long time to heal fully
  3. Blurriness in vision
  4. Frequently having the urge to urinate


These are some of the most common symptoms which most people experience. Apart from that, if you have Type 2 Diabetes, you may have patches in your skin and pain in your feet, and in cases of type 1 Diabetes, you may suffer from a sudden weight loss.  




Type 1: People suffering from Type 1 Diabetes may need to take Insulin frequently because their pancreas has been permanently damaged. Your doctor will show you where and how to take insulin. If you are not comfortable with injections, you can also use an insulin pump. The most annoying thing is that you will have to keep an eye on the blood sugar level at all times. There are various devices which will help you do that. 


Type 2: In this case, you may be able to depend on a healthy diet and an active lifestyle to fight Diabetes, but you must always consult with a clinician before determining that. You may also need to take some medicines like Metformin which helps your body to use insulin more effectively. Always consult your clinician before making any medication changes. 


*The author of this blog is not a medical professional and this article does not contain professional medical advice. This blog is not intended to substitute for medical advice, treatment, or diagnosis. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of the contents of this article. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call 911 immediately.